WE ARE IN 60 YEARS, ALWAYS ROLEX RESERVE GREAT ATTENTION TO YOUR ADVERTISING STRATEGY, KNOWING CHOOSE TESTIMONIALS MORE SUITABLE TO PROMOTE ADEQUATE NEW MODELS. HOWEVER ARE SOME FAMOUS PEOPLE IN PUBLIC appeared WEARING A ROLEX INDIRECTLY GUARANTEED TO HAVE A RETURN ADVERTISING STILL MORE WERE NOT NO RELATIONSHIP WITH THE HOUSE OFFICIAL CORONATA.
Certainly the most famous duo is made up of Paul Newman and the Rolex Cosmograph Daytona. It all began in 1969 when the film Winning, a film dedicated to the world of motor racing, is also proposed in Italy under the title Indianapolis, hellish track. ￼
Le specifiche locandine pubblicitarie per il mercato italiano mostrano il famoso attore con al polso un cronografo Rolex ref. 6239 con quadrante exotic, che da lì a poco verrà conseguentemente ribattezzato “Paul Newman” dagli appassionati. ￼ Il Rolex Daytona della foto, ref. 6241 del 1968, rappresenta un’innovazione doppia per la casa pentastellata.
Con questo orologio si riscontrano duplici funzionalità: lunetta con scala tachimetrica per la misurazione della velocità su un chilometro e pista circolare nell’estremita’ del quadrante, con un colore differente a quest’ultimo, per la visualizzazione del tempo. Questi particolari lo rendono estremamente utile in quegli anni, dove gli strumenti erano ancora non troppo evoluti e così viene utilizzato da molte persone. ￼ Il meccanismo che viene utilizzato dalla casa pentastellata, è Valjoux 722-1, un movimento “calibro ” affidabile, tra i migliori che il mercato proponeva, che viene modificato da Rolex per renderlo consono ai propri canoni. ￼ ￼ ￼ Questo splendido orologio, sta’ regalando ormai da tanti anni, un crescita del proprio valore, una rivalutazione stabile. Alleghiamo un grafico che mostra il valore di un orologio standard ref. 6241 in acciaio, tornando indietro nella storia fino a i giorni nostri.
AUDEMARS PIGUET ROYAL OAK OFF SHORE DIVER
Ref. 15707CB – Now in Stock!
A dazzling example, glowing white, with an ultra-hard composite material and ultra light, even in the deep ocean.
Case in white ceramic, sapphire crystal and caseback anti reflections, white ceramic bezel and screw-locked crown, titanium connections.
silver pattern dial to "Mega Tapisserie", from now on indexes and white gold Royal Oak hands with luminescent coating (blue minute hand). Silver inner rotating bezel, with diving scale and from 60 to 15 minutes in the blue zone.
White rubber strap with pin buckle in titanium.
Fueled by the natural movements of the wrist.
Verso la metà degli anni ’50 i vertici della “PAN AMERICAN” , allora leader del trasporto aereo mondiale, invitarono la ROLEX S.A. a studiare un modello di orologio adatto a piloti e al personale in volo così da alleviare gli effetti del “jat-lag” e dotarli di uno strumento adatto ad indicare un secondo fuso orario. Da questo studio congiunto nacque il “GMT MASTER”, primo orologio della maison svizzera che riusciva a centrare ,con la semplicità di una sfera fatta a “freccina”, l’obbiettivo preposto.
It was 1956, the model had 6542 references, it is recognized immediately in the red blue ring ba-chelite (very brittle plastic resin) calibrated with 24 hours, and since then, through various forms of case, dial and balls, He has never left the lists rolex, we find the fact to this day always with his solid graduated ring, with his arrow and with his unchanging charm after more than 50 years.
The arrow with the red rod is nevertheless changed over time, the tip has become larger and the end of the stem is turned green; movements have been gradually more and more af fi born and perfected; the nut insert before
Bakelite became then aluminum and ceramic; quadrants that at the beginning were beautiful polishes have become dull and then return transparencies; Cases that did not previously have the winding crown protection and then had to tip and at the end they had rounded; all at the end leads to dozens of different models all small details sometimes an appreciable only by the most experienced.
Most fascinating, with the exception of the parent 6542 which inevitably is the "top" of the rolex gmt, are the 1675 born in 1959, replacing it, and accompany us to fi no pulse in the early 80s.
1675 GMT is the quintessential, and especially beautiful in the early years of production when it was equipped with dials "gilt" (shiny background) written with gold: few frills and lots of substance, robust and precise gauges, stainless steel case with gradevolissime shoulders of pointy protection fi no to the mid-60s, arrow GMT with small tip (freccino), a sportsmanship so simple that it can be worn on all occasions, and still very fascinating today as vintage connoisseur.
Parlavamo dei quadranti gilt: il sistema di fabbricazione era molto elaborato, la base veniva immersa in un bagno galvanico dorato, poi venivano applicate delle matrici a tampone dove dovevano rimanere le scritte e indici, successivamente altro bagno galvanico per dare il nero poi eliminazione dei tamponi (per questo le scritte e tutti i particolari dorati dei quadranti gilt sembrano tutti infossati) e ﬁnale trattamento con vernici lucide e applicazione del materiale luminescente sugli indici. Risultato ﬁnale estremamente gradevole e di una profondità ed effetto che difﬁcilmente possono raggiungere addirittura i quadranti odierni. La totale lucentezza dello “zapon” (la vernice lucida di ﬁnitura) accostato allo stacco delle scritte dorate quasi incise, e al rilievo degli indici trattati con abbondante trizio, in certe angolazioni di luce, crea un effetto magico ed estremamente rafﬁnato, che specialmente se accostato dalla patina che il tempo ha creato sulla superﬁcie, da’ al collezionista, e non solo a lui, un emozione unica.
Molto varie le tipologie di quadranti gilt che si sono susseguite nei 1675 GMT : all’uscita ,nel 1959-60, troviamo poche centinaia di esemplari con minuteria continua ( così denominati perchè avevano un cerchio a bordo quadrante che congiungeva tutte le estremità degli indici dei secondi) con scritta ad ore 6 , Ofﬁcialy Certiﬁed Chronometer (OCC), praticamente lo stesso tipo che “indossava” il loro “babbo” 6542; seguiran-no ﬁno a circa il 1964 sempre i minuteria continua con diverse graﬁche ma con scritta ad ore 6 Superlative Chronometer Ofﬁcially Certiﬁed (SCOC), poi da ﬁne ‘64 a ﬁne produzione gilt ( circa 1967) scompare il cerchio che univa gli indici dei secondi ed appaiono nella produzione Rolex i quadranti detti a “minuteria aperta”. Gradevoli intermezzi si hanno nel ‘63 e ‘64 con quadranti gilt minuteria aperta con una piccola linea (underline o underlined) sotto la scritta SCOC a ore 6, specialmente molto rara ed apprezzata la gra-ﬁca del 1963 underline minuteria aperta indici dei secondi lunghi, che in certi casi aveva la doppia scritta swiss sotto l’indice ad ore 6, queste ultime sembra siano state prodotte per la sola commercializzazione nel mercato d’oltre oceano. Esistono comunque anche underline con minuteria chiusa, anch’essi molto rari. I quadranti underline a detta di molti sembra fossero delle “prove” per vedere l’effetto della futura deﬁnitiva eliminazione della minuteria continua dai quadranti gilt , ma col tempo abbiamo imparato che era il segno di uso del trizio in luogo del radio per le parti luminescenti.
The rarity of GMT with gilt dials in excellent condition is well known by all: availability as the most dif fi cult are the OCC followed by the underline not to mention custom written or those with special logos.
l’anno 1964 è la svolta della produzione del 1675; infatti in quell’anno la cassa perde i caratteristici “corni-ni” per fare posto a spallette di protezione più stondate, inoltre a causa della normativa americana sull’uso di materiali radioattivi viene aggiunta alla scritta “swiss” sotto l’indice ad ore 6 la dicitura “T>25” ad indicare l’emissione di radiazione delle parti luminescenti del quadrante. Lo stesso diventerà come detto prima a “mi-nuteria aperta” sempre a ﬁnitura lucida e scritte oro ﬁno quasi al 1968, quando farà posto ai classici quadran-ti “matt” (nero opaco) con scritte bianche, ma questo, come direbbero gli scrittori inglesi, è un altro discorso.
progenitor 6542, here in the latest version of 1958/59
of this watch there are two types of pre-quadrant (red lettering) and 4 normal types
Here a 1675 with an advertisement of 1961.
here the first model in 1675, 1960 ... OCC. remember that only by cash 600,000 can qualify for this type of dial ...
here is the first SCOC model, always the early '60s ... the result of production in 1960 / '61
in 1962 many dials had the so-called "exclamation point" in the rectangular index at 6 ... ..
the hardware dials continues continue till the end they manufacture horns in 1964, but in 1963 they are af fi ancati by transitional dial with no min continuous and double swiss (there are also single swiss) underline with (and without) .... these are the first tests of the next fi nal abandonment of parts closed in '65 and characterized by the position of the indices (buckshot) closest to the flange. I like to call these quadrants "long indices" ....
Also examples of parts closed with ever underline in 1963 about ....
and now a small roundup of dials 61/62/63/64 ...
a double swiss long custom indices underline the 1964 Serpico y Laino ... it seems however that these quadrants to long indices are exclusively for the American market were produced.
Long indices underline swiss single ...
Another swiss single underline
beautiful example of closed parts of 1961
dial swiss underline top
Remember that both the min min continuous open swiss are convissuti in the years 1963-'64 fi no all'entra-ta into force of the laws on radiation ... so you can find all types of dial fi no to the serial approximately 1,100,000. Another goes for cornino crates, which in my humble opinion are no fi lasted about 1.2 million.
The freccino anyway and always safe on all 6542 and all 1675 cornino cash.
since 1965 about changing the type of cash .... and the dials are uni fi cano all with short indices together with the written T> 25 ... .. these dials are mounted fi no to 1967 secure, you can also some specimens of '68. As to freccino, I would tend to make it "mandatory" fi no to 1967, but it is my hypothesis. basically this model has no obvious differences in the years of production (1965-1968 approx). Here the tropical '65 model with big arrow (replaced in years) as the insert which is known to be more recent (black insert only with the advent of 16750 IMHO).
The evolution of the reference 6238 is called COSMOGRAPH to evoke the space-60s, and represents the new generation of chronographs pushers, similar to previous models, but with the difference that for the first time you use a graduated bezel to measure the speed.
The first set of COSMOGRAPH born with the reference 6239, and with serial numbers around 900,000 (1963); for the second, instead, these start at about 1 million (around 1964).
The latter has, in most productions, a bezel that presents second series, like the previous one, a scale to 300 units per hour, but with measuring intervals of a unit up to 100, intermediate 225 and 250.
The dial keeps ROLEX COSMOGRAPH written at the top, below the crown Rolex; down the dial has written the new T SWISS T, which will remain in use even on all subsequent production of dials for DAYTONA until after the mid-90s. The mechanical movement caliber Valjoux 722 custom is used.
This now historic clock for his eldest feature, already extremely rare, is presented to you with a new dial with white graphics: THE PRIEST.
That's the name listed on the book by Pucci Papaleo, because of written white COSMOGRAPH, and at the moment it only two specimens known.
Ours is just what in the book, the author has a certification and is virtually exceptional condition.
We enclose a diagram of a well established standard 6239 model, where you can see the great appreciation over the years, and we will continue to give you new news, to give everyone a chance to find the interest wanted.
The sale price expressed in euro in 1967, refers to the buying power of the day.
Birth of the first automatic chronograph Rolex.
It will be a date to remember as a spark that gives the brand pentastellato a large revaluation of its entire production. This stems from the fact that the well-established home, unable to meet the demand of the market, is having to make long waiting times resulting in the rise in value, which continues even in our days.
This is the reason that now drives people to invest in something very lucrative, which is well established by many years.
We talk about the 16520 (first automatic chronograph).
The parent company after choosing the caliber (mechanism) to be used, namely the "Zenith El Primero 400", with 36,000 alternations and a frequency of 5 Hz, using a special-based molybdenum disulphide dry lubricant applied by a vaporizazione procedure, requiring specific equipment and a maintenance every two years, decided to draw deeply on the base caliber Zenith El Primero, so much so that necessitarono 200 changes so that he could be equated to its quality standards.
The first necessary interventions were performed to reduce the number of alternations (from 36000 to 28000) and decrease the frequency from 5 to 4 HZ. They mounted on a movement larger rocker that oscillated at a lower frequency, common to all the Rolex calibers of the moment. Rolex thus has simplified and improved the reliability of such a movement.
The rocker Rolex has four races in glucydur with Breguet spiral and a Microstella regulation system. Lubricants used for 4030 were those traditional media, those changes allow Rolex to recommend a review every four years, once almost twice the original size. I movimenti 4030 montati sui Daytona prima serie seriale R ref.16520/3/8 hanno una numerazione compresa tra 10000 e 20000 (numerazione random che tiene conto anche del seriale successivo L). Le prime ghiere (per effettuare misurazioni di velocità) erano a 200 . Un progettista di questo orologio, recandosi spesso a Parigi con un treno ad alta velocità, passava il tempo divertendosi a misurare la velocità con il suo Daytona 16520 (divertente il fatto che il suo essendo uno dei prototipi, non aveva il seriale e montava quadranti di prova). Il treno viaggiava a molto di più di 200km/h, quindi si rese conto che per il mondo moderno un misuratore con scala a 200 era insufficiente e propose di ridisegnare la scala con un limite più alto (400 uph la prima venne realizzata con intermedio a 225).
Another interesting feature is the dial Floating, you think produced in hundred copies for each version (gold, steel and gold, and steel; this last rarer than steel and stainless and gold types same as quadrants). This machining procedure was very long and complex, with exposure to high temperature furnace and then the application of the written. The latter depending on the drying level of the dial, when the written, has created the various levels of the floating (vitreous 1/2/3 level have been placed).
Today this type of watch from a value of about € 1,713 is the origin comes to about € 50,000. It is called the new Newman and with a number of pieces produced, about 100 repeat for the steel against the approximately 300 of a 6263 steel Newman (current value 300000), perhaps the future will have a large increase in value. I invite you to reflect on your future investment is always we will be at full disposal to accompany you on this journey, with the guarantee of our now historical seriousness.
We have always been used to invest in bricks or in equities because more familiar to our ears and sponsored in the market. Actually another source of investment and little known is the growing market for luxury watches and diamonds.
This phenomenon is grown year by year surpassing even as annuity precisely the brick and bank investments, for several reasons, among which a fundamental management costs that respect for example to a home does not exist.
Being lovers of the watches is a passion, but be passionate about luxury watches like the Rolex is a passion also fruitful.
Today owning a Rolex watch is a common desire, not only because it is a status symbol, but because no one like the house pentastellata is able to offer top quality materials, accuracy of details conjugated to excellent technical performance, as always synonymous with refinement and luxury but above all refinement. Precisely because of these characteristics he has conquered those who usually stand out, get noticed and admired; not at all still he plays the wrists of the most famous leaders in the world and other prominent personalities.
What is certain is that the investment in the purchase of a Rolex is a double deal, since the buyer will have the security of wearing the most reliable accessory and quality that has been produced.
That there is talk of a new Rolex and the first pulse or a second pulse but well preserved, we know that will have long life, just because the house is in Geneva usual guarantee the best to its customers.
And that explains why buy Rolex is an affordable investment from all points of view. For these reasons, the Rolex is the object of desire, both men and women, young people or adults.
Di seguito troverete dei grafici esemplificativi, che illustrano l’incremento di valore di diversi modelli. Nel caso del Rolex 6263 si evidenzia un incremento del 3.400% tra i 1.000,00 € stimati nel 1980 e i 35.000,00 € del 2016; in soli 6 anni il modello 116520 vede un aumento del 33,33%, mentre la versione 16520 Floating passa dal valore di 8.000 € del 1998 ai 50.000,00 € del 2016, con un picco crescente a partire dal 2008 e un’aumento totale del 525%.
But because a used Rolex? To satisfy this desire to be a bit 'of time now has been growing the market for Rolex "watches according wrist".
The product that offers this showcase is generally aimed at two types of buyers: the first, usually neophyte on the subject, is the one who wants a branded watch, well executed and that calls to mind a certain idea of status and elegance. The second one is represented by the collector or enthusiast, looking for a unique item with its own recognizable style and distinctive, able, why not, to bring to mind a historical moment or a specific event.
THE THREAD TYING THE TWO TYPES OF BUYERS IS LOOKING FOR A DEALER embodying RELIABILITY IN SALE, SPEAKING OF WARRANTY AND CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY, AND AFTER SALES OR IN REVIEW, SO AS NOT TO REMAIN displaced POSSIBLE PROBLEM.
A Rolex will always be one of those evergreen items that expresses vanguard, class and elegance without the fashion conscious dettandola. Why wait and not fulfill your wish?
1908, Hans Wilsdorf wanted his timepiece wore a short name, easy to remember and to pronounce in all languages, and that it could be harmonized with the dials and movements. A proposito della scelta del nome, raccontava: ”Ho provato a combinare tutte le lettere dell’alfabeto, in ogni modo possibile. Avevo così a disposizione qualche centinaio di nomi, ma nessuno mi piaceva. Fino a quando una mattina, mentre viaggiavo sul piano superiore di un omnibus trainato da cavalli, lungo la via Cheapside nella City di Londra, uno spiritello mi ha sussurrato all’orecchio: Rolex”.
Four years later, in 1914, it was the turn of the British Kew Observatory, which gave a Rolex wristwatch the accuracy of Class certificate "A", a privilege that until then had been the exclusive preserve of marine chronometers. From that moment onwards, Rolex wrist watches became synonymous with precision.
Rolex first concentrated on the quality of movement. And the relentless quest for chronometric precision led him quickly to success. In 1910, a Rolex was the first wristwatch to receive the Swiss certificate of precision timekeeping, released by the Official Watch Rating Centre in Bienne.
The history of Rolex is inextricably linked to the visionary spirit of its founder, Hans Wilsdorf. In 1905, at just 24 years, Wilsdorf in London created a company specializing in the marketing of watches. Thus she began to imagine a timepiece that could be worn on the wrist.
While not guaranteeing the watches a very accurate precision, Hans Wilsdorf was able to make them not only stylish, but also reliable. And to convince the public that such innovative timepieces were also reliable, he equipped them with small but extremely precise movements, produced by a company of the Swiss watchmaking city of Biel.
Later, Rolex moved to Geneva, a city internationally known for its watchmaking tradition. The company Montres Rolex S.A. It was recorded in Geneva in 1920.
In 1926 Rolex created the first water resistant watch and dust, marking a turning point in the history of watchmaking. Called Oyster, this timepiece was equipped with a hermetically sealed case, offering optimal protection to the movement.
To say that a watch is water is one thing. Prove that it really is a different story. In 1927, a Rolex Oyster crossed the English Channel unscathed on the wrist of a young English swimmer, Mercedes Gleitze.
The crossing lasted over 10 hours, during which the clock was in excellent condition. To celebrate the feat of crossing the English Channel, Rolex had published on the front page of the British newspaper Daily Mail, a full-page announcing the success of his waterproof watch. Thus was born the concept of testimonial.
In 1931 Rolex introduced and patented the first self-winding mechanism in the world with a Perpetual rotor. True work of art, this device is the ancestor of all modern automatic watches. Rolex participates in the first overflight expedition Everest with its Oyster watches, which are part of the equipment on board.
Crew members say they are highly satisfied with the performance of Rolex timepiece.
Rolex has been able to find in a variety of contexts unique opportunity to test, refine and showcase the Oyster. The world of sport, aviation, motor racing and expeditions are, in fact, real laboratories in the open air in which to test the full range of technical characteristics of each clock.
Benvenuto nella campagna Rolex della Gioielleria Bonanno.
Acquistiamo il tuo Rolex usato. Pagamento in contanti con la migliore quotazione.
La nostra campagna commerciale Rolex ha una durata limitata nel tempo.
Non perdere l’occasione di ottenere la migliore valutazione per il tuo orologio e di concludere la vendita con un pagamento immediato.
Invia tutte le informazioni riguardanti il Rolex da vendere compilando con attenzione la form sottostante in tutte le sue parti. Contatteremo direttamente il venditore per avviare la trattativa. E’ altresì possibile contattare direttamente la Gioielleria Bonanno al numero: 39.06.69.38.05.64
Acquistiamo Rolex Daytona Zenith, pagamento in contanti
Inviare tutte le informazioni riguardanti il Rolex Daytona Zenith da vendere compilando con attenzione la form sottostante in tutte le sue parti. Contatteremo direttamente il venditore per approfondire la trattativa. E’ altresì possibile contattare direttamente la Gioielleria Bonanno al numero: 39.06.69.38.05.64
It was July 20, 1969 when the Commander NeilArmstrong of the Apollo 11 mission put the first foot on the moon. A historic moment for all of humanity, far beyond the space supremacy that Russians and Americans have been pursuing for years in a race to the most striking act in space, just above the skies of the earth.
The famous Italian news agency HERE he told that event, which has gone down in history, describing it with the following stentorian phrases that said: “NeilArmstrong placed his left foot on the moon dust at 04:57 Italian time ".
Authentic thrills, remembered and celebrated last year on the company's 50th anniversary!
But how many really understood the effort that made it NASA for years he had been producing to reach that result, to say the least epochal? But, above all, what level of 360 ° technology was used so that the efforts of those years led to that first, unforgettable step on the lunar soil?
We at Jewellery Bonanno, specialized by 70's in the watch industry and especially in that Vintage, we will try to tell you a parallel story, with fascinating traits, also nice and intriguing and which refers to the choice of on-board instrumentationApollo 11 logically connected to the calculation of time, a factor of the utmost importance in the success of the Mission.
Our story begins when the NASA institutes a sophisticated test procedure to carry out its lunar flights. And he realizes that, in order to carry out the very important calculations that are the basis of every action, he must equip himself with the best calculation tools available in the world in that historical period. This need will give a tremendous impetus to the development, for example, of electronic calculators or, if you prefer, gods computers...
So start the search also for Watches E stopwatches for the calculation of the time factor and more, tools that are extremely reliable for a space program that aims to amaze the world by showing the superiority of American aviation to the whole world.
We are in the 60's when it all starts and in 1964 the NASA begins its official selection aimed at watches-chronometers that can serve as needed.
Without going into too much detail about these highly demanding tests for the instruments to be equipped with Houston ed a Cape Canaveral, aaboard the spaceship and to be delivered to the astronauts themselves (and on which a sort of logical smokescreen falls), the NASA it follows a rigorous selection with test procedures decidedly out of the ordinary.
Eventually only one model will be designated with a single house to produce it, asking well ten producers of watches to apply as suppliers:
In those years, however, the market already influenced certain choices. For example, the fame of the Rolex in United States, earned with the well-known story that We of the Jewellery Bonanno we told you about the GMT Master provided to flight crew PanAm.
And there is already talk of the iconic future Rolex Daytona, known as all Rolex for its solidity and efficiency, albeit with a modest success due to the price not really accessible to everyone.
the NASA so he decided to test other watches, however, with the house of the golden crown, however, in pole position.
But in consideration of the largest American space entity, the prices of a bitter competitor also rise: theOmega with his Speedmaster. At that time this watch already has an unusually large housing with yours 40 mm. and impresses with his Quadrant from design clear, clean and without frills: the three counters of the chronograph are in fact easy to read.
However, beyond the already established preferences of the market of that time, as a government agency from Houston the NASA presents a formal offer to obtain the so-called RFP (Request for Proposals) to the ten producers already mentioned.
The surprise is that of the ten producers requested, including the four Americans (Elgin, Benrus, Hamilton E bulova) and the other Swiss, answer only in quattro according to official statements made by Petros Protopapas, director ofOmegaMuseum in possession of the corresponding documents of the NASA:
• Omega USA, making use of the importer Norman M. Morris, based at New York City; • Longines-Wittnauer, through Longines USA; • Rolex USA; • Hamilton, in that period still a brand 100% American.
At a first analysis of the proposals, the American house itself Hamilton it was eliminated immediately as it possesses certified pocket watch models, but without any wrist chronograph.
Furthermore, among the various conditions to access the test phases, an accuracy that can vary by 5 seconds A 24 ore, but preferably not more than +/- 2 seconds within 24 hours. Finally, the watch must have a chronograph-style stop function, be easy to read and above all antimagnetic.
They therefore remain at stake Omega, Longines E Rolex who are invited to the selection.
of the Longines you know which model while Omega provides the model Speedmaster of 1964, called ST105.003 and the Rolex the so-called model Pre-Daytona, named Cosmograph Reference 6238 with the manual winding movement Valjoux 72.
And thanks to the official documentation produced by Petros Protopapas, director ofOmegaMuseum, we can reconstruct for you how things went side Omega.
In the official order of the NASA, dated May 21, 1964, the American space agency buys twelve chronographs Omega, without bracelet, for a unit price of 82,50$: excellent evaluation considering the historical moment (one Speedmaster with a leather strap in Switzerland it cost 415 Swiss francs).
What were the watches supposed to do? The chief engineer of the NASA, tale James Ragan, sets up a kind of war path for them omega speedmaster and for the other competitors in the race!
This is because, for example, when a watch is exposed to the sun's rays in the vacuum of space, the rotation of the wrist alone can trigger a shock thermal than 100 ° degrees: in space there are no filters that we enjoy on earth!
Furthermore, the same happens when the watch is exposed to the unfiltered sun in the shade. On the moon, the climate is hostile and inhospitable, with temperatures fluctuating between -150° and beyond more than 100°: therefore explained why gods twelve clocks required.
During testing, the watches are exposed to temperatures between 71° E 93 ° degrees Per two days, to be suddenly cooled a -18 ° degrees. Then again they are placed in a hermetically sealed chamber, heated to 93 ° degrees to then be frozen again -18 ° degrees: the procedure is performed fifteen times in a row!
The omega speedmaster who pass the test, it would be better to say "survived", are then subjected to shock speed: it is subjected to an acceleration force of ben 40 G in six different directions when alone 1 G it is the classical or normal gravitational acceleration.
As if that weren't enough, the Watches have to endure the 93% humidity, a highly corrosive environment with 100% oxygen and a noise of 130 decibel. Finally, the last test is a vibration for 90 minutes, with at least an acceleration pulse of 8,8 G acting on them!
Not all of them Watches but they survive these lethal tests! In a letter dated March 1, 1965, the assistant director of crew operations aboard the Lem of Apollo 11 reports the following results:
A) Rolex - stopped twice during the relative humidity test; bad in the next high temperature test when the second hand bent and the other hands got stuck on the dial. No further tests were carried out on the chronograph Rolex.
B) Longines Wittnauer - The glass bent and fell off during the high temperature test. The same thing happened with the second Longines Wittnauer during the decompression test. No further tests were carried out with the Longines-Wittnauer chronograph.
C) Omega –He went 21 minutes ahead during the decompression test and lost 15 minutes during the acceleration test. The luminous material on the dial was destroyed during the tests. As a result of all the tests, the Omega chronograph performed satisfactorily.
So NASA tests recommend theomega speedmaster for his "Greater precision, reliability, readability and ease of use".
The same choice is made by astronauts Walter Schirra E Leroy Gordon Cooper, who to tell the truth had already used theirs omega speedmaster (purchased privately though), in Mercury space flights in 1962.
Without forgetting that the first real wristwatch in space was a Russian Airplane Arrow of the cosmonaut Alexei Leonow: on March 18, 1965, the Russian was the first person to float freely in space outside the spaceship.
However, the engineers of the NASA after the tests suggest some improvements for theomega speedmaster: the external frame or tachymeter scale, it is better if replaced by a rotating ring of 24 hours, detail already on board the rolex gmt. In addition, the meters must have luminous markings.
After the rehearsals, Helmut A. Kuehnel NASA's flight crew operations division then applies to purchase five chronographs “immediately” Omega: objective to modify the standard models. Request that remains unheard, time is literally the enemy in this case of the engineer's desire.
Indeed the March 23, 1965, just five days after the Russians mentioned above, the flight Gemini-Titan III (GT-3) of the United States start test missions with astronauts Gus Grissom E John Young, both equipped with one Speedmaster. The only change from the standard model is a bracelet, long and in Velcro, an essential detail for tying the watches over their thick suit to the wrist of the two astronauts.
In the next mission theJune 3, 1965, called "Gemini IV", Ed White goes out of the ship for more 20 minutes with his omega speedmaster on the wrist again, complete with historical photos to immortalize everything: it's the baptism of fire!
After these tests, Omega logically decides to add on the dial Speedmaster the term Professional but not before 1966: well, everything in the past was the minimum !!
Simultaneously Omega performs an action of pure makeover with the crown and pushers on the right side of the case that are now protected by some lugs: for the first time it is Speedmaster appears in its typical asymmetrical housing shape, a shape that still exists today.
Over here? For nothing!
Waving the protectionist argument “Buy American Act”, the American Bulova presses for the NASA use their watches. But the director of operations of the flight crew, Donald K. Slayton, clearly rejected the request in a memorandum the September 26, 1967: the chronograph omega speedmaster Ethe only watch "Acceptable for manned space flights" E "All the tests passed plus what was demonstrated in previous flights, qualifies it successfully."
Slayton he then ends with an eloquent "... If you want to rely on any other brand, you expect costs that are" unbearable ".
To definitively stop the American patriots here is the great turning point with the flight of theApollo 11: Neil Armstrong is the first person to place his foot on the moon July 21, 1969, but without his Omega, which he leaves behind in the spaceship Eagle. Fifteen minutes after Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin exits the spaceship and, with it, theomega speedmaster thus becomes the first clock on the lunar soil.
But what they wear in the 1969 the three of Apollo 11 is one Speedmaster slightly revised, not externally but internally: the Omega 321 of Lemania was replaced by caliber 861, named Lemania 1873, the frequency rises from 18.000 vibrations per hour a 21.600. The movement remains wound by hand, the power reserve still lasts for 38 hours.
In addition to the official watch of the NASA however, some of the astronauts also wear their own private watches. The astronaut Jack Swigert, for example, who brought his own with him rolex gmt private Reference 1675 in the mission Apollo 13 April 1970.
Unfortunately, it was the mission that did not go to fruition after an explosion on board during the flight, also told by the masterful 1995 film with Tom Hanks. Upon returning the Speedmaster however, it was used to calculate the times of the critical re-entry phase into the earth's atmosphere. Omega eventually receives a special honor for the job done!
To the resumption of the missions with Apollo 14 he resumed with a success on February 5, 1971. One of the astronauts, the pilot of the lunar module Edgar Michtell, according to several sources, he has his own wrist rolex gmt private Reference 1675 throughout the mission. But the NASA excludes that it is an official watch, just like this Rolex with the hand that calculates the time zone: however, it does not have a chronograph device and therefore cannot be qualified as an official watch of the NASA.
And that's not all. Yes, because in the 1972, still under pressure from bulova and due to parliamentary questions to the United States Congress, a new stress test is launched for the watches of the NASA.
Also included are the watches of the Breitling, Rolex and of Seiko. In the meantime, Bulova has put on board its own timepieces some Swiss movements produced by Universal Genève. However, things do not change this time either because the Bulovas fail both the humidity test and the strong acceleration test. L'omega speedmaster therefore he is confirmed as the only one to pass all tests, hence the official space clock of the NASA.
Today some Speedmaster models reach extremely high values. On 15 December 2016, theThat's Christie's has auctioned a omega speedmaster in New York which is said to have been aboard Apollo 17 (December 1972). This Speedmaster, signed in the base of the Ron Evans Pilot 1 command form, was sold for $ 245,000. Finally, for older and more original pieces, the price trend clearly points upwards.